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  1. Cannabis oil row: Boy has epilepsy medication returned Original article: https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-44507135 A boy with severe epilepsy has been given back medicinal cannabis oil that was confiscated from his mother at customs, the home secretary has said. Billy Caldwell, 12, received the oil after doctors made clear it was a "medical emergency", Sajid Javid said. Billy's mother, Charlotte Caldwell, from County Tyrone, said they had "achieved the impossible" but called for the oil to be freely available. Billy began using cannabis oil in 2016 to control his seizures. The cannabis oil, which contains a substance called Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), is illegal in the UK but available elsewhere. Billy's most recent supply - which Ms Caldwell had tried to bring into the UK from Canada - was confiscated at Heathrow Airport on Monday and he was admitted to hospital before Mr Javid said it would be returned. The oil arrived at Chelsea and Westminster Hospital, where Billy is being treated, on Saturday afternoon. It was administered under a special 20-day licence and is not allowed to be taken home. A spokeswoman for the Home Office said it was an "exceptional licence" for a "short term emergency" and it would need to be reviewed. 'Completely broken' Ms Caldwell said: "I truly believe that somewhere in the Home Office there's someone with a heart, and I truly believe that Billy was pulling on their heart strings." But she said Billy's "little body has been completely broken and his little mind". "No other family should have to go through this sort of ordeal, travelling half way round the world to get medication which should be freely available," she said. "My experience leaves me in no doubt that the Home Office can no longer play a role in the administration of medication for sick children in our country. "Children are dying in our country and it needs to stop now." Billy was admitted to hospital in London on Friday Mr Javid said he had issued a licence to allow Billy to be treated with the cannabis oil after discussions with Billy's medical team. "This is a very complex situation, but our immediate priority is making sure Billy receives the most effective treatment possible in a safe way," he said. "My decision is based on the advice of senior clinicians who have made clear this is a medical emergency. "The policing minister met with the family on Monday and since then has been working to reach an urgent solution." Reality Check: Does UK export the most legal cannabis? Barbara Zieniewicz, co-founder of campaign group Families4Access, and who travelled to Canada with Billy and Ms Caldwell, called Mr Javid's decision "triumphant". "I strongly believe that this is the first push - from here, it's a ripple effect. This means, to me, there is hope, not just for Billy, but for all the families that need it." Billy, from Castlederg, started the treatment in 2016 in the US, where medical marijuana is legal. Ms Caldwell says Billy's seizures dramatically reduce when he takes the oil. In 2017, he was prescribed the medication on the NHS. But in May this year, his GP was told he could no longer prescribe it. At the time the Department of Health in Northern Ireland said cannabis had not yet been licensed in the UK as a medicine. Last Monday, Ms Caldwell tried to bring a six-month supply of the oil - to treat up to 100 seizures a day - into the UK from Toronto but the substance was confiscated by officials at Heathrow airport. The boy's family said he was taken to hospital when his seizures "intensified" in recent days. The family's MP, Órfhlaith Begley, said the Home Office's decision was "life-saving", adding: "I will continue to engage with the Home Office and the health authorities to ensure he can access his medication in the longer term so there is no repeat of the trauma he has suffered over recent weeks." 'Not straightforward' Dr Amir Englund, who studies cannabis at the Institute of Psychiatry at King's College London, said: "Clearly, there is evidence that Billy's medication works for him where others have failed. "The duty of government is to protect its citizens from harm with regulations on medicines, so that the ones doctors prescribe are safe and effective. "However, there are instances which these measures become counterproductive and harmful. This is such an instance, and the Home Office should allow an exemption so that he does not come to further harm." Meanwhile, clinical lecturer in psychiatry at University College London, Dr Michael Bloomfield, said on the one hand "current laws are too strict", but added that the issue of medical marijuana is "far from straightforward". "Any 'medical marijuana' needs a scientific evidence base, in the form of medical trials et cetera, which is currently lacking for many disorders and has become, for many jurisdictions, a potential way of decriminalising cannabis through the back door," he said. Does cannabis have medicinal benefits? CBD and Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) are two types of cannabinoids found naturally in the resin of the marijuana plant. A cannabis-based drug called Sativex has been licensed in the UK to treat MS. It contains THC and CBD. Doctors could, in theory, prescribe it for other things outside of this licence, but at their own risk. MS patients prescribed Sativex, who resupply it to other people, also face prosecution. Another licensed treatment is Nabilone. It contains an artificial version of THC and can be given to cancer patients to help relieve nausea during chemotherapy. Source: NHS Choices
  2. Home Office looks at allowing cannabis oil for boy with epilepsy Original article at the Guardian by: Mattha Busby @matthabusby Fri 15 Jun 2018 19.01 EDTFirst published on Fri 15 Jun 2018 06.55 EDT https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2018/jun/15/mothers-plea-for-uk-to-legalise-cannabis-oil-charlotte-caldwell-billy Prescriptions consideration comes after Billy Caldwell, 12, has ‘life-threatening’ seizures The Home Office has said it will “carefully consider” allowing a 12-year-old boy to be prescribed cannabis oil after he was admitted to hospital with “life-threatening” seizures following the confiscation of his supply. Billy Caldwell had his anti-epileptic medicine confiscated at Heathrow airport on Monday. If the decision is made to permit him to have the treatment, it would be the first time that cannabis oil containing THC was legally prescribed in the UK since it was made illegal in 1971. Late on Friday night, Billy’s family were trying to find a clinician with knowledge of his condition to recommend the prescription of cannabis medicine. His mother, Charlotte Caldwell, said: “Finally I’m hearing signs that the Home Office appreciate the severity of Billy’s condition, and are showing a willingness to act humanely.” In a statement, a Home Office spokesperson said: “Billy is in the care of medical professionals who are best placed to assess the care and treatment that he requires. “The Home Office is contacting Billy’s medical team. If the team treating Billy advise a particular course of urgent action, the Home Office will carefully consider what options are available to help facilitate that advice.” On Friday afternoon, Billy was taken to Chelsea and Westminster hospital in west London in an ambulance after experiencing uncontrollable seizures. “Billy has had back-to-back seizures today,” his mother said. “On his medication, which included the vital but banned THC component, he was seizure-free for more than 300 days.” Caldwell said doctors in Canada and Northern Ireland familiar with the case had described her son’s situation as life-threatening. She said the Home Office would be held accountable if her son died. Billy had been placed on cannabidiol (CBD) oil, along with opiate-based medication, after he was forced to stop taking cannabis oil, but he failed to respond positively to the treatment and his health deteriorated as his seizures gradually resumed. The family said the 12-year-old can now be treated only with hospital-administered medication. Speaking from hospital, Caldwell told Sky News: “[Billy’s] out of the seizure but I cannot administer any more rescue medicine for him at home. He’s been admitted and they’re keeping him in hospital simply because Billy’s seizures are life-threatening ... one seizure can kill him.” Earlier on Friday, Caldwell criticised the government for effectively forcing them to leave the UK. “No mother should be made to flee the country to keep their child alive,” she said. The pair have spent about four of the past 12 years abroad because cannabis oil is illegal in the UK. On Monday they had six months’ worth of anti-epileptic medicine confiscated by customs agents when they arrived at Heathrow from Toronto. Caldwell was invited to meet the Home Office minister Nick Hurd, who told her that it would not be returned, despite her pleas. “It has to be the most frightening situation that a mother could ever be put in,” Caldwell told the Guardian, describing how she and Billy had been forced to leave their home, friends and family in order to access the potentially life-saving medicine. “He’s undergone countless administrations of anti-epileptic pharmaceutical drugs which have never worked and have upset his entire system,” Caldwell said. “The side-effects left him so depleted that he couldn’t even lift his head or pick up a toy.” The anti-epilepsy drugs prescribed by the NHS often cause uncontrollable tremors, hair loss, swollen gums and rashes, among other adverse effects. Feeling that she had no choice but to seek treatment for her child abroad, Caldwell found a doctor in the US in September 2007 who “saved Billy’s life” by weaning him off anti-epileptic pharmaceutical drugs, which she says were aggravating his seizures. The doctor also placed him on a ketogenic diet – a high-fat, low-carbohydrate food plan – that helped his seizures to rapidly subside. Eight years later, in June 2016, the seizures returned. They travelled to California again in September that year, until their money ran out eight months later and they came back to their home in Northern Ireland. In March 2017 they walked 150 miles in eight days, from their home to the hospital, to demonstrate the incredible improvement in Billy’s condition after the cannabis treatment. A doctor in Northern Ireland prescribed him the oil, since it was clear it was the only effective treatment. This was the first time a child had ever been issued the substance on the NHS. The oil contained CBD and also THC the psychoactive constituent of cannabis that gets users high. In October 2016, the Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency issued an opinion that products containing CBD used for medical purposes are medicine. However, medicines containing the raw form of THC remain illegal. The government’s current position is that THC has no recognised medicinal or legitimate uses beyond potential research. Although some children with epilepsy respond positively to CBD, the conditions of others, such as Billy, respond only to THC-derived products. And there is growing evidence of the benefits of prescribing medicinal cannabis. After about 300 days without a seizure, the Home Office recently ordered the doctor to stop prescribing the oil, prompting Caldwell to seek treatment in Canada, which is preparing to legalise cannabis. The case has shone a light on a drug policy that critics see as outdated and has provoked widespread demands for urgent reform, as well as calls for an exception to be made for Billy until legislation can be considered. Caldwell said she doubted whether she or Hurd would be arrested if the minister decided to “do the right thing” and allow Billy to have his anti-epileptic medication. “Surely common sense should prevail,” she said, pointing to the public support for the legalisation of medical cannabis, and the fact that police in some parts of the country had deprioritised cannabis offences. “To me, this is not an illegal or controlled substance, this is my little boy’s medicine. Even if you drank six months’ worth of this medicine, you wouldn’t get high because the THC content is so low.” There are around 63,400 children with epilepsy in the UK and a third of those do not respond to the medication prescribed by the NHS. Some 1,150 people died of epilepsy-related causes in 2009. Billy, who also has severe autism, cannot talk and requires 24/7 care, enjoys riding his pony Paddy, often goes swimming and attends a special needs school. Asked how Billy had handled a week of intense media attention, Caldwell said he had been “a wee bit out of sorts” and that “he knows that something is going on”. On Tuesday morning he had his first seizure in almost a year. On the same day, a group of pro-reform Tory MPs said that medicinal cannabis could be on sale within a year. But this could be too late for Billy. “The fear that Billy will die without his medication has been my overriding emotion this week,” said Caldwell. “I think that fear is keeping me going.” From the Guardian site and this is direct to Guardian, we are just passing on their request since we use their link. Since you’re here… … we have a small favour to ask. More people are reading the Guardian than ever but advertising revenues across the media are falling fast. And unlike many news organisations, we haven’t put up a paywall – we want to keep our journalism as open as we can. Democracy depends on reliable access to information. Your support helps keep The Guardian open to a global audience for generations to come. The Guardian’s independent, investigative journalism takes a lot of time, money and hard work to produce. But we do it because we believe our perspective matters – because it might well be your perspective, too. I appreciate there not being a paywall: it is more democratic for the media to be available for all and not a commodity to be purchased by a few. I’m happy to make a contribution so others with less means still have access to information.Thomasine, Sweden If everyone who reads our reporting, who likes it, helps to support it, our future would be much more secure. For as little as $1, you can support the Guardian – and it only takes a minute. Thank you. Support The Guardian
  3. DUP gives backing to Billy Caldwell receiving cannabis medication Original Article: https://www.belfasttelegraph.co.uk/news/northern-ireland/dup-gives-backing-to-billy-caldwell-receiving-cannabis-medication-37009693.html The DUP have given their backing to Northern Ireland boy Billy Caldwell receiving access to medicinal cannabis oil which his mother says helps control his seizures and could even safe his life. The party had previously remained tight lipped on the issue and were not part of a five party grouping (SDLP, Sinn Fein, UUP, Alliance and Greens) from Northern Ireland which backed allowing access to cannabis oil on the NHS earlier this month. Five NI parties back call for cannabis oil on NHS - SDLP, Sinn Fein, UUP, Alliance and Green Medicinal cannabis could be legal in a year: Tory MP Billy Caldwell's mum says Home Office signed son's death warrant after cannabis oil seized Mum defiant as son's cannabis medication is seized at airport However a DUP spokesperson has now said that the party is in favour of Billy getting access to the medication until a final recommendation has been made on the issue from medical experts. Billy has a rare form of epilepsy and has been denied access to the medication following a ruling from the Home Office. His mum Charlotte took Billy to Canada retrieve the medication but it was then seized at Heathrow Airport as they attempted to return to Northern Ireland. She accused Home Office Minister Nick Hurd of having “likely signed my son’s death warrant” following the seizure. Ms Caldwell is still awaiting an appointment with consultants recommended by the Home Office. She said her son had suffered his first seizure in 300 days after being denied the medication. A DUP spokesperson confirmed that they had met with Billy's family to discuss the issue. "DUP representatives have met with the Caldwell family on many occasions and continue to make representations on their behalf. MPs will usually be only able to facilitate meetings with Ministers on behalf of their own constituents however," the spokesperson said. "The party pursues an evidence-based approach to our position on cannabis. We do not support legalisation of cannabis for recreational purposes. "Trials are ongoing to test cannabis-based drugs for conditions such as epilepsy in children, glaucoma and cancer pain. We recognise that patients and their families will be keen to have access to innovative treatments immediately but it is necessary that such drugs are rigorously tested and all processes followed to ensure full safety and effectiveness." The spokesperson said the party was in favour of Billy receiving the medication until a final decision on the issue has been made. "In the absence of decisions by such expert bodies, consideration has been given to specific process where medication could be provided on an individual basis at the request of an individual clinician to a particular patient for a particular condition," the spokesperson said. "We are supportive of such an approach until final decisions are made on more general availability." The latest development comes after Ms Caldwell hit out at the links between Theresa May's husband and companies which supply the drug. The Daily Mirror reported Philip May's Capital Group is the largest investor in GW Pharmaceuticals, which produces cannabis oil - which Billy Caldwell had been using for his treatment - for sale in a foreign market. Speaking to the paper, Billy's mother Charlotte Caldwell said: "Why is my son being left to die in his own country by his own government? I can tell you why, greed and hypocrisy and it’s a recipe that will kill Billy.” Billy Caldwell requires cannabis oil to prevent seizures. UK-based cannabis-legalisation group United Patients Alliance reported in April GW Pharmaceuticals has produced a medicine extracted from the raw cannabis plant called Sativex, used for Multiple Sclerosis patients, as well as Epidiolex, which is made using purified cannabinoid (a component part of cannabis) CBD. It also highlighted that husband of UK Home Office minister Victoria Atkins is a managing director of British Sugar which grows raw cannabis to supply GW to manufacture Epidolex. Victoria Atkins has previously spoken out against the legalization of cannabis.
  4. Personal Energy - Energy and Stress Management - Breathing Part 1 Breathing Management, Exercises and Retraining
  5. Updated News Billy Caldwell's mum resumes talks with British government for son's medical cannabis Two meetings held on Monday resulted in no movement for the family Original Article: By Jilly Beattie 08:27, 12 JUN 2018 https://www.belfastlive.co.uk/news/belfast-news/billy-caldwells-mum-resumes-talks-14772528 Talks start again this morning in London as cannabis campaigner mum Charlotte Caldwell fightsto retrieve her son’s medical cannabis from the British government. Two meetings held on Monday resulted in no movement for the family. And since Charlotte and her sister landed back in the UK from Canada with his oil, he has missed three vital doses. The sudden removal of his medication after 19 months of daily use could prove deadly to the youngster. The 100 seizures he suffered daily before he was prescribed medicinal cannabis had stopped. But now his mum Charlotte says she will not sleep until he gets the oil back. She said: "I slept with my arm and leg around Billy all his life until the last 18 months when his seizures dropped away thanks to his medication. "But now we are back to square one. By the time I wake on Tuesday and start to fight for the oil to be returned, he will have missed four doses. "This is medication and no medication should be stopped abruptly, especially in a child who suffers from epilepsy. That’s a death sentence by any other name. "I’m exhausted and upset but I’m not beaten and will never be beaten while I have Billy. I will never give up on him and his wellbeing. "He will sleep tonight and I pray he sleeps peacefully. I’ll watch him every minute. It’s all I can do to keep him alive until we get his oil back. "What parent would do any less? Apparently that’s what is expected of me.. to let my son slip away. I didn’t do it 12 years ago, I didn’t do it two years ago and I’m not going to do it now." Epileptic boy has first seizure in months less than 24 hours after 'life-threatening' confiscation of cannabis medication https://www.independent.co.uk/news/health/cannabis-medication-billy-caldwell-epileptic-seizures-marijuana-customs-confiscation-latest-a8394971.html Billy Caldwell suffers first seizure after cannabis oil confiscated His 100 seizures a day stopped when he started the medicinal cannabis drops Original article: By Jilly Beattie 11:26, 12 JUN 2018 https://www.belfastlive.co.uk/news/billy-caldwell-suffers-first-seizure-14773654 Billy Caldwell whose medicinal cannabis oil was confiscated by the Tory government yesterday, has suffered his first seizure in 19 months. The 12-year-old poster child for the fight to legalise the herbal medication, had missed four of the tiny doses prescribed to him in Toronto. His mum Charlotte, 50, from Co Tyrone , travelled from Canada on Monday with Billy and openly declared the Tilray oil at Heathrow Airport. But tearful custom's officers, under orders from Tory Policing minister Nick Hurd, confiscated the bottle which contained enough dosages for six months. Just 12 hours later Billy suffered his first epileptic seizure in 19 months. The 100 seizures he suffered daily before he was prescribed medicinal cannabis had stopped and the youngster had been living a normal life, able to attend school and even learning to swim. But at 1.01am Billy suffered a telltale seizure associated with intractable epilepsy. He cannot come out of the fits himself and needs medicated to try to bring him around. Charlotte said: "Thank God he survived the seizure but he could have another any moment and each one could kill him "He would not be having seizures if he was on his oil. It was confiscated and his medication halted without warning or weaning and that is not medical protocol by any stretch of the imagination." Today mum Charlotte and other family hope to meet government ministers again to urge them to return Billy's medication. A spokesperson for the Home Office said on Sunday: “We are sympathetic to the difficult and rare situation that Billy and his family are faced with. ‘While we recognise that people with debilitating illnesses are looking to alleviate their symptoms, it is important that medicines are thoroughly tested to ensure they meet rigorous standards so that doctors and patients are assured of their efficacy, quality and safety.” The latest radio news ~CBD oil works best when a little bit of THC is added as they work best combined.
  6. Medical information disclaimer 1. Credit 1.1 This document was created using a template from SEQ Legal (https://seqlegal.com). 2. No advice 2.1 Our website contains general medical information. 2.2 The medical information is not advice and should not be treated as such. 3. No warranties 3.1 The medical information on our website is provided without any representations or warranties, express or implied. 3.2 Without limiting the scope of Section 3.1, we do not warrant or represent that the medical information on this website: (a) will be constantly available, or available at all; or (b) is true, accurate, complete, current or non-misleading. 4. Medical assistance 4.1 You must not rely on the information on our website as an alternative to medical advice from your doctor or other professional healthcare provider. 4.2 If you have any specific questions about any medical matter, you should consult your doctor or other professional healthcare provider. 4.3 If you think you may be suffering from any medical condition, you should seek immediate medical attention. 4.4 You should never delay seeking medical advice, disregard medical advice or discontinue medical treatment because of information on our website. 5. Interactive features 5.1 Our website includes interactive features that allow users to communicate with us. 5.2 You acknowledge that, because of the limited nature of communication through our website's interactive features, any assistance you may receive using any such features is likely to be incomplete and may even be misleading. 5.3 Any assistance you may receive using any our website's interactive features does not constitute specific advice and accordingly should not be relied upon without further independent confirmation. 6. Limits upon exclusions of liability 6.1 Nothing in this disclaimer will: (a) limit or exclude any liability for death or personal injury resulting from negligence; (b) limit or exclude any liability for fraud or fraudulent misrepresentation; (c) limit any liabilities in any way that is not permitted under applicable law; or (d) exclude any liabilities that may not be excluded under applicable law.
  7. Instead of shaming them, this woman stepped up and helped 2 boys about to break the law Click for a video on youtube, we all deserve a happy ending! Originally written by: Hope Schreiber Writer Yahoo Lifestyle June 12, 2018 https://www.yahoo.com/lifestyle/instead-shaming-woman-stepped-helped-two-boys-break-law-231707501.html Instead of letting the children fail, or shaming them, one Twitter user stepped into a situation to help two young boys. Nanasia Music posted a thread onto her Twitter account detailing how she stepped up and possibly saved two black boys from a police encounter. It was her way to pay it forward and to help the young boys the same way someone helped her when she was younger. Nanasia begins her story by approaching the two boys who were trying to steal from a Walmart. Instead of talking down to them she chose to help instead. While it was a simple act of kindness, it obviously meant a lot to the boys. It also speaks volumes about how we never truly know another person’s struggles. These boys were just 13 and 14 years old, barely even teenagers. They had lost their mother and felt guilty asking their grandmother for a product they needed. Of course, the security guard who was following the boys was not happy with her interference. Ma’am he gave me a look of such anger like I took a notch off his belt that day I smiled and said not today not today u can’t have them https://t.co/60qTKangAf — Silent but Loud (@NanasiaMusic) June 11, 2018 For Nanasia, this was just the way she grew up. She believes in guiding youth in the right direction, not waiting for them to mess up. Young people should be led in the right way when they need to be corrected, or in this case when they need help. I’m just from the generation where adults didn’t pull out camera phones and tape the demise of a young blk male… they took the time to step in before it got way out of line … somebody did it for me so it was only right to redirect them …. — Silent but Loud (@NanasiaMusic) June 11, 2018 Even Walmart tweeted her, cheering on her good deed. We offer this video by the Strumbellas, NanasiaMusic is a hero to me and we at cultural healing and life respect her and her actions. She illustrates how we as a society should help heal our society instead of furthering suffering.
  8. A fisherman gave me this quote that fit quite well from the film the grey
  9. The Tale of a loving mother, an epileptic child, a plant medicine and a government. The following are news articles illustrating the story of a loving mother fighting for her son, fighting for his life and fighting his epileptic seizures that tormented him daily and caused his life to be more torture than enjoyment. The mother took her child across the pond to Canada and found legal medicine in Canada but not in the UK as it is made from cannabis and the laws of politics and prohibition without genuine merit in this situation cruelly force physical torturous suffering on a small child and mental anguish only a parent and mother could know. I ask what is gained by forcing such a condition on a child rather than doing the right thing. The following video was made specifically for such situations and I ask that you say a prayer or give a positive thought for Billy and his loving mother Charlotte so that the powers that be will find a way to allow the effective medicine to free those who suffer these conditions! One Drop Forward The Articles Castlederg woman to fly medical cannabis to UK for epileptic son Original article: By David Hunter http://www.goqradio.com/belfast/news/q-radio-local-news/castlederg-woman-to-fly-medical-cannabis-to-uk-for-epileptic-son/ The mother of Billy Caldwell says she will openly 'smuggle' medicinal Cannabis into the UK today. The 12 year-old from Castlederg, Co.Tyrone, suffers from a severe form of epilepsy. He received cannabis treatment in the U.S for several months last year after medical specialists in the UK said they couldn't help. Doctors say the cannabis oil reduced the frequency of his Billy's dangerous and exhaustive seizures , which Charlotte Caldwell said happened hundreds of times per week. He became the first person in the UK to be given a prescription last year. However, Home Office officials told Billy's Doctor to cancel the script last month, saying he could be struck off. Charlotte travelled to Canada last week, where the medicine is legal, as Billy's supplies ran out. She's told the Daily Mail she'll fly into Heathrow today with a six month supply and will beg customs to let her through. "I hate having to do this" she said to the newspaper. "For a mother to be pushed into breaking the law to keep her son alive is horrendous. But this drug has given me hope and given my son back his right to life. "Of course I worry about breaking the law – but I want my son illegally alive rather than legally dead." Billy Caldwell's cannabis meds battle may end in arrest for mum at Heathrow Original By Jilly Beattie 22:24, 10 JUN 2018 UPDATED 23:02, 10 JUN 2018 https://www.belfastlive.co.uk/news/billy-caldwells-cannabis-meds-battle-14767713 Charlotte Caldwell flies into London on Monday carrying outlawed medicinal cannabis and will face arrest or change history in the UK. The mum from Castlederg, Co Tyrone, traveled to Toronto last Thursday to source the oil her son Billy has relied on to keep potentially deadly epileptic seizures at bay for months. Now doctors in Canada’s leading children’s hospital have placed Billy on a clinical trial of the medication which is awaiting peer review. Richard Pengelly, the Permanent Secretary at the Department for Health in Northern Ireland, and the Chief Medical Officer were furnished with the full documents of clinical trial data and the ingredients in the doses on Sunday night. The Canadian trial is ongoing but early data supports the use of medicinal cannabis oil for patients like Billy. The 12-year-old made history when he became the first UK recipient of an NHS prescription for medicinal cannabis last year. Charlotte giving Billy his first dose legally in Canada But the Home Office put a stop to the prescriptions last month and with just one dose left, Charlotte and Billy flew to Canada desperate for help from specialists at The Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto. And last night they were booked onto the 9.55pm flight from Toronto Pearson International Airport to Heathrow terminal 5, due to land on Monday at 10.10am. If they make it through customs, immigration and security, and are allowed to pass go after declaring the oil, Charlotte and Billy will be joined by 10 other families who say they need medicinal cannabis. Then together they will make a public statement urging the Home Secretary to trigger a change in the law. Speaking to Belfast Live from Toronto, Charlotte said: “I have no choice. I’ve been prevented from giving Billy the medication that keeps him seizure free. Faceless civil servants did that to Billy. I’m worried about breaking the law but I’d rather have Billy illegally medicated and alive than unmedicated and legally dead. What mother should have to make that choice?” This will be the second time Charlotte Caldwell will have openly carried illegal medicinal cannabis into the UK. In May last year the pair flew into Dublin and drove across the border into Northern Ireland after declaring the full spectrum and THCa cannabis oil at customs in Ireland. Billy Takes 2 drops a day Last week Charlotte and Billy attended a meeting at Stormont where she was assured of support by every political party in Northern Ireland except the DUP. And it was shortly after she invited the DUP to the meeting that her GP received an email from the Home Office ordering him not to write any more prescriptions for Billy. The same GP was then invited to a hotel in Belfast to attend an un-minuted meeting with civil servants from the Department of Health’s Drug Enforcement Agency. A source said: “The meeting was particularly uncomfortable for the doctor. He had no choice but to comply. The prescriptions stopped there and then.” Charlotte said: “Members of the DUP initially said they would support us but the support was retracted. They do not support Billy and they do not support my work to keep him alive and well. Charlotte's campaignis supported by parents and all of Northern Ireland's political parties except the DUP “If I had been offered an abortion I would have refused it and protected Billy’s right to life and so would the DUP by all accounts. "Well I’m doing my bit. Where are they? I believe their stance on this is hypocritical." A spokesperson for Tilray, the British Colombia manufacturer of the trial drug oil, said: “Currently, the study drug used in the clinical trial is only authorized for use by patients participating in the trial. "Once authorised for sale, this would be the highest concentration of cannabis-derived CBD found in a medical cannabis product legally available to Canadian patients. “After the product is authorized for distribution Tilray will first make it available to patients who participated in the trial. As we are able to increase supply, we hope to make it available to patients outside of the trial.” The Trial Drugs from Tilray On Wednesday, Charlotte hopes to bring Billy’s six month trial doses home to Co Tyrone via Heathrow. The situation presents Home Secretary Sajid Javid with a dilemma over whether tomorrow Charlotte should be: arrested and detained, arrested and cautioned and allowed to retain the oil, arrested and cautioned and the oil confiscated, or allowed to pass freely through the airports in London and Belfast She said: “I can only ask to keep the drops to keep my son alive and well. “I don’t know if they'll let me. I don’t know if they'll arrest me and confiscate the oil and sign Billy’s death warrant. But I do know that Billy needs it and I’ll make sure one way or an other that he gets it. “Not only that I want to make sure that everyone who needs medicinal cannabis oil, gets it too.” Charlotte has support from the UUP, SDLP, Sinn Fein, Alliance and the Green Party and now includes a former Tory Health Minister in her group of backers. Former NI Health Minister David Ford attended the meeting with Charlotte and backed her Dr Dan Poulter works part-time in mental health services and recently started an all-party parliamentary group supported by three other doctors at Westminster, pushing to legalise medical cannabis in the UK. He said: “The current law is ridiculous. There is growing evidence cannabis products used medically can be helpful in a number of conditions.” He urged that Charlotte and Billy should be allowed into the UK with the oil and said: “This is both medically the right thing to do and humanely the right thing to do.” Billy has been through so much to get to where he is today A spokesperson for the Home Office said: “We are sympathetic to the difficult and rare situation that Billy and his family are faced with. ‘While we recognise that people with debilitating illnesses are looking to alleviate their symptoms, it is important that medicines are thoroughly tested to ensure they meet rigorous standards so that doctors and patients are assured of their efficacy, quality and safety.” THE mother of a severely autistic boy has accused the government of signing her son's "death warrant" after she had cannabis oil which she claims can help soothe his seizures confiscated at Heathrow Airport Original: By Erica Doyle Higgins 11th June 2018, 1:03 pm Updated: 11th June 2018, 6:22 pm https://www.thesun.co.uk/news/6500494/billy-caldwell-cannabis-oil-confiscated-heathrow-airport/ Their is a video at the link above from the original article, a must watch! Charlotte Caldwell, from Tyrone, Northern Ireland, travelled to Canada last week for the oil after the Home Office banned her son Billy's GP from prescribing the life saving medication. Mum Charlotte had said she would return to the UK with six month's supply of cannabis oil, but customs officers confiscated the oral drops at Heathrow this afternoon. Ms Caldwell accused Home Office Minister Nick Hurd of having "likely signed my son's death warrant" before heading to a London meeting with him. "It's Billy's anti-epileptic medication that Nick Hurd has taken away, it's not some sort of joint full of recreational cannabis. "Let me tell you something now: we will not stop, we are not going to stop, we are not going to give up, we have love, hope, faith for our kids and we are going to continue." She said Billy was due his next dose at 3.30pm, and warned of the dangers of missing his first treatment in 19 months. Charlotte Caldwell returned to the UK from Canada with the cannabis oil but had it confiscated as she arrived at Heathrow "The reason they don't do it is that it can cause really bad side-effects - they wean them down slowly. So what Nick Hurd has just done is most likely signed my son's death warrant." It's not some sort of recreational cannabis, it is his anti-epileptic medication he has taken off me today. "I'll go back to Canada and I'll get more and I'll bring it back again because my son has a right to have his anti-epileptic medication in this country and his own home." She said customs officers were "conflicted" about removing the medication from her. She added that doctors are trialling the oil in Canada and it's been "very successful." The mother pledged to go back and try again to get her son the prescription she believes will help him "I'm not at all interested in recreational use.. It's not something I've ever had an interest in, and for me it's a small bottle of oil that's keeping my son alive, it's anti-epileptic medication. It keeps his life-threatening seizures at bay, it's keeping him alive," she said. Billy, 12, was given a prescription for medicinal cannabis oil last year to help treat his epilepsy - in a case similar to that of six-year-old Alfie Dingley, who met with Theresa May in March in a bid to help change the law around the drug. He has a form of the condition meaning he cannot get help through medication or diet. He used to suffer up to 100 seizures a day until he began treatment with cannabis oil in the US, where medical marijuana is legal, in 2016. Charlotte has fought to get her son Billy the treatment she thinks can help calm the number of seizures he suffers She said she would be meeting Mr Hurd at the Home Office on Monday afternoon to plead to him "parent to parent" to get the oil back. The Home Office has defended the seizure of cannabis oil from a mother who attempted to get it into the UK to treat her son's severe epilepsy. A spokesman said: "The Home Office is sympathetic to the difficult and rare situation that Billy and his family are faced with. "Whilst we recognise that people with debilitating illnesses are looking to alleviate their symptoms, Border Force has a duty to stop banned substances from entering the UK. Ms Caldwell has, therefore, had cannabis oil seized this morning at Heathrow Airport upon landing from Canada. "The Policing Minister will meet Ms Caldwell this afternoon." What is cannabis oil and why does Billy Caldwell need it? Billy Caldwell can suffer up to 100 epileptic seizures in a day, and his mother Charlotte previously got cannabis oil for Billy’s treatment from the US. This medicine reportedly had stopped Billy’s seizures but when they were unable to travel for a new supply, she took Billy to their GP. Recognising this as a “unique” case, Dr Brendan O’Hare prescribed the medicine to Billy, but was told last year by the Department of Health and the health board he should not continue to do so. Cannabis oil is a medicine containing a part of the cannabis plant called cannabidiol (CBD). It does not contain the ‘psychoactive’ part of cannabis – the part that causes the feeling of being high. Last year, the UK’s Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) classed CBD as a medicine in the UK, but it has not been licensed as a medicine. The agency has said that CBD products must be licensed as this means they “have to meet safety, quality and efficacy standards”. In 2017, he became the first person in the UK to receive a prescription after his local GP Brendan O'Hare began writing scripts. The doctor was summoned to a meeting with Home Office officials recently and told to desist. Ms Caldwell is worried the cycle of fits "will eventually kill him", and has struggled to contain her son's seizures without access to the cannabis oil. She said Billy has been free of the debilitating episodes for a considerable period since the treatment. Charlotte said the oil is keeping her son's life-threatening seizures at bay The Department of Health in Northern Ireland said it did not comment on individual cases, but added that Cannabis is a Class B controlled drug and has not yet been licensed in the UK as a medicine. "However, an application made by a specialist clinician based in the UK to prescribe a Schedule 1 controlled drug on the basis of relevant medical and scientific evidence and guidance may be considered within existing legislative provisions and appropriate clinical supervision arrangements. "No such clinically supported applications have been received by the department," it confirmed.
  10. Multimillion-dollar hydroponic pot bust is one of Miami-Dade's largest ever, cops say http://www.miamiherald.com/news/local/community/miami-dade/homestead/article212762259.html BY DAVID J. NEAL dneal@miamiherald.com June 07, 2018 09:05 PM A nearly 200,000-square-foot patch of South Miami-Dade zoned for agriculture contained 1,692.5 pounds of marijuana in two grow houses, according to Miami-Dade police. Thursday's seizure of 192 plants was "one of the largest marijuana hydroponics seizures in the history of Miami-Dade Police Department," said a police statement. Miami-Dade police placed the street value of the marijuana seized at $3.8 million. Miami-Dade property records say the property at 16901 SW 200th St. has been owned since October 2015 by The Nursery Spot, a business formed in September 2015. The only agent for Homestead-based The Nursery Spot is Raimundo Rodriguez. That's not Homestead resident Juan Oliva-Villar, 49, who was arrested on charges of marijuana trafficking. According to the search warrant, a confidential source tipped police that a pair of marijuana hydroponic grow houses sat on the land. A detective approaching on May 30 wrote that he saw "two large black nursery style mesh canopies (shade houses) amongst the trees, which appeared to be covering two unknown style structures." Strolling to the edge of a neighbor's land, the detective said, he could see that same kind of mesh covering a corner of the structure. Also, a smell gave him olfactory encouragement that his tipster was correct. On the property, the detective and a sergeant saw a man. "The unknown male was asked if he was the owner of the property and he advised that he was not and did not know who was," the search warrant read. "[The sergeant] asked the unknown male to walk to the front gate of the premises where he would be greeted by additional officers. The unknown male walked away toward the front gate and walked into one of the shade houses. A few minutes later he walked out of said shade house then walked into the second shade house where he remained. Several attempts to have him exit the premises were attempted via loud speaker; however, he never came out." That was Oliva-Villar. “The success of this investigation, the arrest of the defendant and the seizure of such an enormous amount of illegal drugs was due to the close collaboration between Miami-Dade County Police Department Narcotics Bureau and the State Attorney’s Office Narcotics Unit," State Attorney Katherine Fernandez Rundle said in a statement. "Drug traffickers should recognize that doing business in Miami-Dade’s neighborhoods will put them behind bars." Some of what Miami-Dade police say is 1,692 pounds of marijuana seized from a South Miami-Dade grow house. Miami-Dade Police Department
  11. In UK news! Billy Caldwell: GP says 'ethical issue' in not allowing cannabis BBC News https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-northern-ireland-44194042 In 2017, 12-year-old Billy Caldwell became the first person in the UK to receive the NHS prescription. Dr Brendan O'Hare said there is an "ethical issue" in not allowing Billy to have medicinal cannabis. His mother, Charlotte Caldwell, said his seizures had dramatically reduced while taking the cannabis oil. Last week when she went to renew the prescription she was told it would not be possible. After initially prescribing the medicinal cannabis, Dr O'Hare had been told by the Department of Health and the health board last year he should not continue to do so. The Department of Health in Northern Ireland said it did not comment on individual cases, but added that Cannabis is a Class B controlled drug and has not yet been licensed in the UK as a medicine. "However, an application made by a specialist clinician based in the UK to prescribe a Schedule 1 controlled drug on the basis of relevant medical and scientific evidence and guidance may be considered within existing legislative provisions and appropriate clinical supervision arrangements. "No such clinically supported applications have been received by the department," it confirmed. Dr O'Hare reiterated that his initial prescription was "not a support of the irresponsible use of products for ailments for which there is no evidence". But he said in this specific case, this child has benefited and "the reduction in his fit frequency is huge". "This is not to open the floodgates for products, it's about one individual child," he added Billy Caldwell was first given the treatment in the USA by an epilepsy expert.His mother told BBC Radio Five Live that until that point Billy was having up to 100 seizures a day. Ms Caldwell said the effect on her son was "miraculous". "For Billy it's controlling his life-threatening seizures. That is what a small bottle is doing for him." CBD and Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) are two types of cannabinoids found naturally in the resin of the marijuana plant. Unlike THC, pure CBD oil is not a psycho-active ingredient associated with the "high" in marijuana. There is no restriction on the personal use of CBD oil. However, the Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) is of the opinion that CBD products, used for a medical purpose, are medicines. CBD oil has not yet been licensed in the UK as a medicine but can be prescribed by doctors in special circumstances. The oil containing the THC chemical is illegal the under misuse of drugs legislation. "I am a single mummy and he sleeps beside me and goes everywhere with me. I go to school with him. "He is just my life," she added. When Billy first got the treatment in the United States, Ms Caldwell said it helped the "brutal condition". "I remember sitting up watching him at night in Los Angeles and touching him to make sure he was still breathing in case I had missed a seizure." She said her "heart sunk" when she heard the news. "I know if he hasn't access to this medicine his seizures will return," she said.
  12. Judge Halts Florida's Attempt to Stop Patients From Smoking Medical Marijuana http://www.cannabisbusinesstimes.com/article/judge-halts-florida-attempt-stop-patients-smoking-medical-marijuana/ June 6, 2018 Miami Herald TALLAHASSEE - In a second stinging blow to Gov. Rick Scott and the Florida Legislature, a Leon County Circuit Court judge Tuesday lifted an automatic stay on her ruling that the state's ban on patient access to the smokable form of medical marijuana is unconstitutional. Judge Karen Gievers gave the state until June 11 to put into action a process that will make smokable marijuana available to patients at marijuana dispensaries throughout the state. She said that the state's attempt to delay the implementation of her May 25 ruling created irreparable harm to patients, particularly two women who challenged the law which prevents them from being prescribed smokable marijuana to treat their chronic diseases. "First, they cannot legally access the treatment recommended for them,'' Gievers wrote in the four-page ruling. "Second, they face potential criminal prosecution for possession and use of the medicinal substance." Diana Dodson of Levy County, who has HIV and neuropathy, and Cathy Jordan of Manatee County, who has Lou Gehrig's disease, testified that the only cannabis delivery system that works for their symptoms is smoking, and they are alive only because they break the law and smoke marijuana. The Florida Department of Health, which is charged with regulating medical marijuana in the state, said it was reviewing the ruling and would not answer questions about whether it will move forward with rules related to smoking marijuana. Instead, the agency released a statement focused on the existing law, which Gievers has ruled was unconstitutionally inconsistent with voters' intent.
  13. Ohio Delays Medical Marijuana Roll-out https://www.cincinnati.com/story/news/politics/2018/06/05/medical-cannabis-legal-ohio-weed-cannabis-delayed/673839002/ Jessie Balmert,Chrissie Thompson and Randy Tucker, Cincinnati EnquirerPublished 2:01 p.m. ET June 5, 2018 | Updated 10:21 a.m. ET June 6, 2018 COLUMBUS - Ohio patients will not be able to buy marijuana on Sept. 8, the anticipated start date for Ohio's medical cannabis program. In fact, it could take weeks more before medicinal weed is available for patients. Even then, it's likely to be available only in limited quantities. Delays in licensing 25 marijuana growers in Ohio have pushed back the program's launch, the Ohio Department of Commerce said Tuesday. Before planting can begin, the growers must have their facilities inspected by the state and be granted a certificate of operation. "We really should have had plants in the ground by this time,'' said Mark Hamlin, a Ohio Commerce Department spokesman. Ohio legalized medical marijuana in June 2016, saying people could buy it out of state if they had a doctor's note – although few people have taken that option. Meanwhile, the state has been working toward setting up its own marijuana growers and dispensaries. The rollout has been fraught with hiccups and delays. So far, just one large grower – Pure Ohio Wellness – has had its facility inspected but did not receive a certificate of operation. The Commerce Department, which regulates the growers, is continuing to work with the company to pass inspection. “This is a miserable failure,” said state Sen. Kenny Yuko, a Cleveland-area Democrat who has championed medical marijuana, of the delayed launch. The patients who were hoping to use marijuana to cope with pain, seizures, digestive problems and the like “had so much hope and trust," Yuko said. "It was taken away." State regulators are promising progress. Two more small growers will be inspected later this month, Hamlin said. And five large growers are slated for inspection in July. Still, even if all of the growers got their certificates of operation at the time of inspection, it's highly unlikely that they would be able grow marijuana and have it ready for sale Sept. 8, Hamlin said. Even when medical marijuana does become available, Hamlin said, "supplies on Day One will be very limited, and even intermittent, until production catches up to the market.'' Hamlin insisted the program will still be "fully functional'' by Sept. 8, as required under the law. He said the law simply requires the regulatory framework for the program be established by Sept. 8. "We recognize that along the way the public expectation became that there would be medical marijuana available for patients on Sept. 8,'' he said. "Our role was to be ready to inspect them (growers) when they were ready for us, and we’ve been ready to do that since March,'' he said. Nicole Scholten has been working toward marijuana legalization in hopes of using the drug as a treatment for her 14-year-old daughter, Lucy, who has debilitating epilepsy. The delay past Sept. 8 doesn't surprise her. "I think that the law was written not with patients at the fore," Scholten explained. Ohio isn't the only state to have delayed its medical marijuana rollout, said Charlie Bachtell, CEO of Cresco Labs, which is building a facility to grow marijuana in Yellow Springs. Illinois, Pennsylvania and Puerto Rico had similar holdups. "It’s more important for a state to get this right than to try to hit deadlines that might have looked good on paper," Bachtell said. In Ohio, Cresco Labs was awarded a license in November and broke ground in December. But construction faced setbacks because of Ohio’s cold and wet winter, Bachtell said. The facility has scheduled its state inspection for the second week of July. If it passes that test, workers could grow marijuana plants in about 90 days, he said. Theoretically, marijuana from Cresco could be available in October. “Delays are going to be measured in a matter of days and weeks – not months,” said Bachtell. He praised Ohio Department of Commerce’s regulators for their efficiency. A longer wait to put medical marijuana on shelves has consequences, Scholten said. "Every day that this is delayed, people who are very sick, whose medicine is not working for them, they're making terrible decisions: to uproot their families, to engage in criminal behavior (to get marijuana) or to wait," she said.
  14. Couple Loses Custody, Might Face Jail Time After Giving Son Who Suffered from 10 Seizures a Day Marijuana They Bought Illegally Tim Marcin,Newsweek Desperate to treat his frequent seizures, a couple in Georgia said they gave their 15-year-old son marijuana—acquired illegally—and found that it worked in significantly reducing the number of seizures he suffered. But as a result, they're now battling to regain custody of their child, according to multiple reports this week. The couple, Matthew and Suzeanna Brill, also potentially face jail time after being charged with reckless conduct when their child, David, tested positive for marijuana in April, according to CBS News. But the Brills have said marijuana helped David go from suffering as many as 10 seizures per day to being seizure-free for more than 70 days. "It was a miracle for him," Matthew Brill told CBS News. The couple said David has since been moved to a group home, and he is again suffering from frequent seizures. Despite the potential consequences, David's stepfather has said he would do it all over again because traditional pharmaceuticals weren't working for him. "Even with the ramifications with the law, I don’t care," Matthew Brill told The New York Times this week. "For 71 days he was able to ride a bike, go play, lift weights. We were able to achieve that with David medicated not from Big Pharma, but David medicated with marijuana." Medical marijuana is legal in a majority of states and there has been some movement toward making seizure medicine based on marijuana. A review from health officials found a drug made from the marijuana plant—not the psychoactive parts—reduced seizures in children with severe forms of epilepsy and recommended FDA approval, reported The Chicago Tribune last month. Georgia has strict marijuana laws, however, allowing only some residents to acquire state-issued cards to obtain oils that are low in THC, the part of marijuana that gets you high. Suzeanna Brill said getting a card for David proved difficult. "The only way he could get a medical card would be a six-year waiting list," she told CBS News. Anecdotes like the Brill family's aside, the Epilepsy Foundation website notes there have been issues determining how much marijuana can help those who suffer from seizures because of limitations on research. "Evidence from laboratory studies, anecdotal reports, and small clinical studies from a number of years ago suggest that cannabidiol, a non-psychoactive compound of cannabis, could potentially be helpful in controlling seizures," it reads. "Conducting studies can be difficult as researchers have limited access to marijuana due to federal regulations and even more limited access to cannabidiol."
  15. Personal Energy - Energy and Stress Management - Breathing Part 1 Understanding Breathing and Breathing Test Medical Disclaimer Understanding Breathing Managing energy and stress through breathing is not a new practice. This practice started in ancient times and is even used in the military today. We also do it everyday without realizing it. When our physical and mental activity change our breathing patterns do the same. In the following we will discuss the types of practices that can increase energy or to reduce stress working towards relaxation and clarity. The following techniques can assist greatly with our day to day energy and stress but I recommend using them in conjunction with other practices such as: correct sleep patterns, meditation, nutrition, a general positive and happy state of mind These are keys that help unlock a healthy life controlling stress by enabling our bodies and mind to serve us well by working in tandem and in support of one other. Think of each aspect as spokes on a wheel. They all serve a purpose and are very important to the strength and longevity of the wheel! Oxygen Advantage When we think of breathing we think of oxygen but the regulator in breathing is not oxygen. It is carbon dioxide that regulates our breathing reflex and it also plays an active role in how well our cells work. We think of carbon dioxide (co2) as a waste gas but this is not necessarily the most accurate way to understand carbon dioxide. We need to understand how it affects the process of breathing. It is the level of carbon dioxide that triggers our breathing and this level can be adjusted. As carbon dioxide increases in our bodies a message is sent from the brain to inhale. Exercise and stress can increase carbon dioxide and thus increases our breathing rates. In this manner, carbon dioxide is a regulating factor. Generally our modern lifestyles works against us in breathing healthy and we tend to breath hard/faster. However the key is to healthy breathing is to slow breath. Our modern life has worked to set our brains to activate our breathing points on a lower level of carbon dioxide which reduces the functionality of our cells while at the same time not having an effect on oxygen in the red blood cells. We essentially bring in more oxygen than we need and by doing so we remove too much carbon dioxide that it unbalances our cells from functionally optimally and this can cause a domino effect of other negative issues. It is interesting to note, when we hold our breath we think we reducing oxygen to our cells but in reality we are not making any real differences. What is affected is our "breath hunger" and this is a behavior that can be trained and changed for better or worse. This level of breath hunger can be altered by slow breathing and we will discuss this further in this compilation. For now, it is important to understand, that when we hold our breaths and feel the need to inhale, that is breath hunger and not a true indication of a lack of oxygen. BreatheSimple Mouth Breathing and Nasal Breathing Mouth breathers are those who breathe through their mouths instead of their noses. Breathing through the mouth has negative health implications. There are those who breathe with their mouths only when they are asleep and those who do even when they are awake. Those who wake up with dry mouth, they mouth breath during sleep. Mouth breathing can be is as a result of either one of these: Nasal obstruction: There is resistance to the smooth flow of air It can also be habitual where you formed a habit of breathing through the mouth since you were a child In the third trimester of pregnancy, mouth breathing is common. However if you are not a mouth breather this will stop. Associated mouth breathing symptoms include: Dry mouth Bad breath Snoring Chronic fatigue Dark circles beneath the eyes Slow growth in children If you typically breathe through your nose, you should be enjoying these benefits. Less anxiety and stress Healthier blood pressure levels Increased endurance during physical activity Improved lung function Anatomical mouth breathing causes: Obstructions: Nasal obstructions are a common cause of mouth breathing. These can be foreign bodies, a deviated septum, or large adenoids. Facial deformities: Both lip incompetence and a cleft palette can force mouth breathing. Infectious mouth breathing causes: Viral: Both the common cold and sinus infections are examples of viral infections that can make it difficult to breathe through the nose. In these cases, mouth breathing is typically temporary and resolves after the infection is eliminated. Medical mouth breathing causes: Pregnancy: Women who have never snored can suddenly find themselves being woken up by angry partners when pregnant. Additional blood flowing through the body causes blood vessels to expand and nasal membranes to swell. Sleeping disorders: Mouth breathing is a common first symptom in those diagnosed with sleep apnea. If a diagnosed patient wasn't always a mouth breather, CPAP treatment can usually revert the patient back to breathing through their nose. Tumors: Though incredibly rare, the location of an undiscovered tumor can affect breathing. This shouldn't be the first cause of mouth breathing you consider but if all common causes have been ruled out, it should be explored. If you need help diagnosing your condition, schedule an appointment sooner than later, especially if you're experiencing the following. You're receiving complaints of sudden or loud snoring You never feel rested, even after a full night's sleep You're experiencing persistent bad breath or dental problems Even if you've been a mouth breather your entire life, you should still take positive steps to reverse the condition. The following mouth breathing treatment suggestions can help. Practice: For some, mouth breathing is a habit. Breaking a habit takes consistent practice. Whenever possible, focus on breathing through your nose. Elevate your head: This can especially help when pregnant or suffering from a sleeping disorder. Propping yourself up with an extra pillow can discourage mouth breathing. Exercise regularly: Similar to elevating your head, exercising on a regular basis can improve breathing in those with sleep disorders. Remove allergens: Even slight allergies can cause serious nasal inflammation. Focus on making your bedroom an allergy-free area. Keep pets out, purchase bedding made from safe materials, and keep windows closed. Breathing aids: If congestion is behind your mouth breathing, a nasal strip can help to support nasal passages and encourage nose breathing. What I've Learned Tanveer Abbas The normal anatomical function is to breathe through your nose. And there are good reasons why you should maintain this natural provision. Breathing through the mouth reduces the oxygen absorption capacity of the lungs. As you breathe through the nose, nitric oxide gas is produced by mucus in small levels. This gas increases the lung’s oxygen absorption capacity. Prolonged oxygen inadequacy has detrimental long term effects to your overall health. Air breathed through the nose is cleansed of harmful microbes and other impurities. As the air travels through the hose, they are filtered in the mucus lining of nose. This mucus lining also moisturizes and warms the air. Breathing through the mouth is detrimental to your oral health. It dries out gums and promotes acidity increasing the risk of cavities and plague. It also increases the risk of gum disease. Research has proven that mouth breathing at night worsens snoring. As absurd as this may sound, breathing through the mouth can lead to facial deformation. This mostly happens in children. Buteyko Clinic International How to stop mouth breathing in five easy steps. Sarah Hornsby The Breath Test A measurement of how long we can hold our breath can be indicative of our overall health. Since we are all different we will discuss the breath test which will allow us to uniquely understand our personal breathing as it relates uniquely to us. The following tests will assist in determining what our breathing illustrates about us and will give us a starting point in seeing how our breathing affects us uniquely. Oxygen Advantage Breath Test, Sitting Instructions Mouth is always closed. Step 1 Sit down in an upright position, with your back straight, and relax for a couple of minutes. Take a small breath in and a small breath out, in a calm way through your nose (approx. 2-3 seconds on inhalation and approx. 2-3 seconds on exhalation.) Step 2 Pinch your nose after the exhalation is finished and hold your breath and start the timer. Step 3 When you feel the first urge to breathe, let go of your nose, stop the timer and breathe in and out calmly through your nose, in the same way as in step 1. Chad Moreau Breath Test, walking instructions Mouth is always closed. Step 1 Sit down in an upright position, with your back straight, and relax for a few minutes. Step 2 Stand up and take a small breath in and a small breath out in a calm way through your nose (approx. 2-3 seconds on inhalation and approx. 2-3 seconds on exhalation). Step 3 Pinch your nose after the exhalation is finished and hold your breath and start walking while counting the number of steps you take. Step 4 When you are not able to hold your breath any longer, let go of your nose, inhale and exhale calmly through your nose and note how many steps you took. Try to wind down by breathing calmly as soon as possible. Mim Beim Interpretation of Breath Test Health status Hold breath sitting Hold breath walking No symptoms, optimum health 60 seconds 120+ steps Very good health, most symptoms are completely gone 40 seconds 80-100 steps Good health, symptoms present when exposed to a trigger 30 seconds 60-80 steps Symptoms are often present 20 seconds 40-60 steps Many different symptoms always present 10 seconds 20-40 steps Medications, diseases, very heavy breathing 3-5 seconds 10-20 steps Understanding Breathing and Breathing Test Summary By understanding breathing and how carbon dioxide and oxygen affect our bodies we can begin to institute various breathing exercises and even the retraining of our breathing for optimal oxygen absorption for our cells giving our bodies the opportunity for optimum health. By understanding how we uniquely rate in the breathing test we can establish a personal base point so that we can understand our personal starting points and chart our growth. In addition the breathing test is a generic test of overall health and thus this measurement holds a larger significance. In the next compilation we will discuss various breathing techniques and breathing retraining. The good stuff! Credits: Lyam Thomas Christopher Professor Kimberlee Bethany Bonura http://www.mayoclinic.org/ What I've Learned Tanveer Abbas Buteyko Clinic International Sarah Hornsby https://www.buoyhealth.com/ Oxygen Advantage Mim Beim Chad Moreau BreatheSimple Oh Wonder