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Natural Farming Inputs Introduction to Natural Farming LAB - Lactic Acid Bacteria FPJ - Fermented plant juice Seawater, Fermented Seawater, Bio Mineral Water Vinegar OHN - Oriental Herbal Nutrient WCA - Water Soluble Calcium WCAP - Water Soluble Calcium Phosphate FFJ - Fermented Fruit Juice FAA - Fish Amino Acids S.E.S. - Seed and Seedling Treatment IMO to IMO2 IMO 3 IMO 4 & Liquid IMO IMO 5 Preserving bacterial based inputs Inputs - Section 9 S.E.S. - Seed and Seedling Treatment Reggaeville - Sistah Awa - Roots and Culture About S.E.S. By utilizing vinegar, OHN and FPJ at the right ratios and soaking for effective periods of time based on seed size and germination period (short, medium and long) the natural farming input seed and seedling treatment (SES) will work to ensure that planted seeds and transplanted trees and bushes start off with strong vigor and a healthy start. This solution is extremely powerful. The difference in seed shape as well as root development and in leaf thickness is easily visible. Chris Trump video on S.E.S. Chris Trump - How To: Seed Treatment Solution S.E.S. Materials Vinegar Brown rice vinegar or apple cider vinegar is typical but any fermented vinegar can be used. Helps break up the cotyledon FPJ Is used to add heath and vigor. OHN Is used for good redevelopment and pest resistance. Water A mineral rich water is ideal or a diluted seawater. Regular water without chlorine is fine. Instruction for making SES. Mix together the vinegar and FPJ with water at a dilution of 1 to 500. Mix OHN with water at a rate of 1 to 1000. The dilution rate is weaker than vinegar and FPJ. If you have year old OHN dilute a bit more as OHN strengthens over time. Once mixed, you can store SES in a sealed jar until ready to use. Store out of direct sunlight. Instruction for seeds Soak seeds by size and time of germination. Seeds which germinate quickly (turnip, chinese cabbage, bean) should be soaked for 10 minutes to two hours; Seeds which germinate more slowly (cucumber, melon, squash, lotus) should be soaked for 20 minutes to four hours. Seeds which germinate very slowly (rice, barley, tomato) should be soaked for 30 minutes to 7 hours. A half to one hour is sufficient for potatoes, ginger, taro and garlic. Plant the seeds while wet and do not allow to dry. Instruction for Seedlings and potted plants. In 3 liters of water mix 2 tablespoons of vinegar, 2 tablespoons of FPJ and 2 tablespoons of OHN. OHN is higher as the plants are seedlings or established plants rather than seed. Before transplanting seedlings do not water for 2 days. Remove dirt by gently shaking, try not to damage the roots. You can also rinse the soil off from roots. Tree transplants, remove any dirt. Can use water to rings soil away. Allow roots to dry two days. This ensures the plant will strongly uptake the SES solution. Soak for desired time. Put in a container and soak the seedlings for 15 seconds. Immediately transplant the seedlings. The seeds will develop thick cotyledons making it immune to worms. They will also have good root development making them resistant to diseases. Foliar spray the remaining mixture on plants after they are transplanted. Credits Chris Trump https://rooftopecology.wordpress.com http://www.cgnfindia.com/index.html The School of Life Reggaeville - Sistah Awa Congratulations for learning about S.E.S. Natural Farming Inputs Introduction to Natural Farming LAB - Lactic Acid Bacteria FPJ - Fermented plant juice Seawater, Fermented Seawater, Bio Mineral Water Vinegar OHN - Oriental Herbal Nutrient WCA - Water Soluble Calcium WCAP - Water Soluble Calcium Phosphate FFJ - Fermented Fruit Juice FAA - Fish Amino Acids S.E.S. - Seed and Seedling Treatment IMO to IMO2 IMO 3 IMO 4 & Liquid IMO IMO 5 Preserving bacterial based inputs ~A Cultural Healing and Life Compilation