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Natural Farming Inputs Introduction to Natural Farming LAB - Lactic Acid Bacteria FPJ - Fermented plant juice Seawater, Fermented Seawater, Bio Mineral Water Vinegar OHN - Oriental Herbal Nutrient WCA - Water Soluble Calcium WCAP - Water Soluble Calcium Phosphate FFJ - Fermented Fruit Juice FAA - Fish Amino Acids S.E.S. - Seed and Seedling Treatment IMO to IMO2 IMO 3 IMO 4 & Liquid IMO IMO 5 Preserving bacterial based inputs Inputs - Section 3 Fermented Seawater and Bio Mineral Water This section is not an argument against using regular water but is about creating a water solution utilizing trace mineral rich waters that will integrate and blend together to enhance with other natural farming input ingredients and together this harmony will do much to help maintain the health of your plants and play a role in obtaining desired brix levels. Generally, it assist the plant and the soils bio-life by proactively maintaining a usable and stable mineral and trace mineral media condition that can be utilized right away by the plant and by microbiological life. This takes water to the next level when used in this way and perhaps this compilation might change what you think you know about water and gardening/farming! University of Hawaii PDF on Natural Farming: Diluted Seawater - https://www.ctahr.hawaii.edu/oc/freepubs/pdf/sa-9.pdf A video about Seawater and gardening Smiling Gardener Sea Fertilizer - Ocean water quickie - This is not ad for Ocean sea minerals but is good at describing ocean water. Smiling Gardener Sea Fertilizer - An Amazing Organic Fertilizer From The Ocean How to Collect Seawater and Sun Dried Salts Collect seawater at a depth of no more than 1 to 2 inches below the surface near sea shorelines. Deeper seawater contains more salt is thus is more concentrated. Brackish water may also be collected where fresh water mixes with seawater. The organic matter in sea water produces an excellent effect when the microbes of land and the minerals and microbes of seawater meet. This water will have more microbial life in it. Sun dried salts can be used if unable to get seawater. Large acre application is applied to soil at 5 kg for every 10 acres. Dilute sun dried salts at 2ml for 1000 ml of water for smaller scale. Seawater and sun-dried salt are two sources of nutrients and minerals regarded by Natural Farming as also essential together with NPK. Bio Mineral Water alternative and is used same as seawater and should be diluted similarly as a compost or garden tea. Using an air pump and riser you run water over rocks, imo4, compost or what have you over time and this breaks up bits of rocks and makes a good mineral water over time and when combined with Imo4 and garden tea of choice is similar as seawater and is good alternative for those who are landlocked or without a good sea water or quality sun dried salt. If you watch the following video on youtube and click on transcript it will be easier to follow along. Natural Farming BMW Drake - Natural Farming BMW Drake - Natural Farming BMW How To Prepare Pour the collected water into a large bowl and allow it to sit, uncovered, for 24 hours. This allows evaporation, aeration, concentration of solids, and the inoculation of airborne microorganisms to occur. (Diluted Salt Water) DSW is prepared by mixing the seawater with fresh water at a 1:30 dilution. Preparation of 1:30 DSW Dilutions Volume Needed Seawater Fresh Water 24-oz trigger bottle ¾ fl oz 24 fl oz 1 qt 1 fl oz 32 fl oz 1 gal 4 fl oz 4 qt or 128 fl oz 5 gal 20 fl oz 20 qt or 640 fl oz Keep seawater in a clean glass jar with a lid out of direct sunlight. DSW does not have a long shelf life and should be used soon after preparation. If DSW takes on a foul odor or if a white haze or white mold resembling cotton balls forms in the jar, discard it and make a new batch. Uses Seawater and sun dried salts are often used as a component in a “cocktail” with other Natural Farming inputs. Adding rice-washed water (5ml) brings out its best properties. Rice washed water has an effect like that of yeast. Rice-washed water and fermented plant juice (5ml) to sea water (diluted 30 ml to one lit water) brings out its best properties for growing direction based on the type of FPJ. Adding FPJ for me is like giving the direction of the type of growth to match the type of fpj. It is more effective when oriental herbal nutrient is mixed in with rice washed water, prepared seawater and FPJ. Seawater combined with other inputs stimulates the growth of beneficial microorganisms that can help to suppress disease. DSW is used along with IMO4 (Park and DuPonte 2008) and BRV, FPJ, LAB, FAA, OHN, WCP and MA as a soil treatment drench prior to planting the field. It is also used in Natural Farming’s type III foliar spray during the reproductive stages or fruiting period of a plant’s life cycle (Cho 2010), applied on a set schedule once every three weeks. On fruiting trees DSW is used as a light spray two weeks prior to ripening to increase sweetness or brix within fruit. To sweeten fruits. WS-Ca is added to diluted seawater and then the solution is sprayed twice in one month and then 20 days before harvest. Prevent feather loss in chickens. To avoid feather loss of chickens in summer, Brown rice vinegar BRV (200) and water soluble calcium WS-Ca (500) is mixed with diluted seawater and fed to chickens once in two days. How to apply to garden Always make sure that the dilution (1:30) of DSW is made properly. Apply DSW onto plants with a watering can, sprayer, or irrigation system to encourage ripening, ideally early in the morning. For soil treatments, Moisten the soil prior to applying DSW, then lightly water again after DSW application. DSW can be applied monthly or as little as once a year, depending on weather conditions. If plants start to show signs of yellowing a few days after spraying with DSW, lightly water plants and dilute further for next applications. If problem persists, DSW should be tested for cation-exchange capacity and salt content at a water quality laboratory with your county extension agent. Additional Information Some essential plant nutrients found in seawater and their functions in plants Name Chemical symbol Relative % in plant Function in plant Nutrient category Nitrogen N 100 Proteins, amino acids Primary macronutrients Phosphorus P 6 Nucleic acids, ATP Primary macronutrients Potassium K 25 Catalyst, ion transport Primary macronutrients Calcium Ca 12.5 Cell wall component Secondary macronutrients Magnesium Mg 8 Part of chlorophyll Secondary macronutrients Sulfur S 3 Amino acids Secondary macronutrients Iron Fe 0.2 Chlorophyll synthesis Micronutrients Copper Cu 0.01 Component of enzymes Micronutrients Manganese Mn 0.1 Activates enzymes Micronutrients Zinc Zn 0.03 Activates enzymes Micronutrients Boron B 0.2 Cell wall component Micronutrients Molybdenum Mo 0.0001 Involved in N fixation Micronutrients Chlorine Cl 0.3 Photosynthesis reactions Micronutrients Source: Motavalli and T. Marler 1998. Salinity of seawater in various seas* Sea % Salinity Baltic Sea (least saline) 0.5% Caspian Sea 1.2% Caribbean Sea 3.6% Mediterranean Sea 3.8% Red Sea 4% Dead Sea 24–33% *The ocean’s salinity varies slightly, from about 3.2% to 4%, with an average of 3.5%. However, salinity in isolated bodies of seawater is higher than in the open sea (Turekian 1968). The late Ronnie Davis sings us out! Reggaeville Ronnie Davis - My World (Acoustic) [Official Video 2017] Ronnie, you are missed and respected! Credits: http://www.cgnfindia.com/sw.html Master Cho University of Hawaii Smiling Gardener Drake The School of Life XL Recordings The Avalanches Reggaeville Ronnie Davis Natural Farming Inputs Introduction to Natural Farming LAB - Lactic Acid Bacteria FPJ - Fermented plant juice Seawater, Fermented Seawater, Bio Mineral Water Vinegar OHN - Oriental Herbal Nutrient WCA - Water Soluble Calcium WCAP - Water Soluble Calcium Phosphate FFJ - Fermented Fruit Juice FAA - Fish Amino Acids S.E.S. - Seed and Seedling Treatment IMO to IMO2 IMO 3 IMO 4 & Liquid IMO IMO 5 ~Cultural Healing and Life