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Natural Farming Inputs Introduction to Natural Farming LAB - Lactic Acid Bacteria FPJ - Fermented plant juice Seawater, Fermented Seawater, Bio Mineral Water Vinegar OHN - Oriental Herbal Nutrient WCA - Water Soluble Calcium WCAP - Water Soluble Calcium Phosphate FFJ - Fermented Fruit Juice FAA - Fish Amino Acids S.E.S. - Seed and Seedling Treatment IMO to IMO2 IMO 3 IMO 4 & Liquid IMO IMO 5 Preserving bacterial based inputs Inputs - Section 12 IMO 4 & Liquid IMO Korean Natural Farming How to : IMO 4 Chris Trump - Korean Natural Farming How to : IMO 4 IMO 4 Mixing should be done on the soil floor and not on concrete in a heap of this mixture not more than 20 cm in height. Mix 1 part IMO 3 to 1 parts rice bran Now mix one part IMO 3 with one part soil. 50% of the soil should be from the crop field and 50% should be from fresh new soil (mountain soil, red fine clay, etc). Mixing the soils will harmonize the imo and soils. To control moisture "best practice" using natural farming inputs. When needed, control moisture with Natural Farming inputs such as FPJ, FFJ, FAA, Lab, Sea Water. Ratio of 1:1000 dilution with diluted seawater. It is necessary to add sea water for the IMOs to work best, when they are inoculated to the soil. Keep the mixture covered for two days. The end product is called IMO- 4. Pro Kashi IMO 3-4 Video, very good video showing how to know when it is done. Click for emoji for video HOW TO STORE IMO- 4 Moisture may be evaporated during storage. Adjust the moisture content to 65-70% by adding nutrient liquids of natural farming inputs just before using IMO-4. Application Use IMO-4 by top dressing the soil around plants and top dressing fields before planting. Chris Trump - How to apply IMO4 HOW TO UTILIZE IMOs In order to be effective, IMOs should be used in a proper manner. Use IMOs continuously. Since IMOs are used to make soil fertile and healthy, these should be collected and prepared every year. In order to bring about continued results. IMOs must be maintained in the soil. Maintain IMO diversity. Avoid being choosy in collecting microorganisms. Instead, microorganisms from different environments should be collected and mixed. It is recommended to collect IMOs from all four directions of the field. We can also collect microbes from mountain, summit, valley and trench. To obtain strong microbes obtain from areas that has distinct environmental conditions. For example, the sunny side of the field will have different IMOs from the shaded side. Altitude will also affect the variety of microorganisms at every level. To include "tough guys" into the IMO mixture, samples from the high mountains or uncontaminated regions can also be collected. Liquid IMO Chris Trump - How to Liquid IMO with Chris Trump Ingredient list for LIMO: IMO3 or Imo2 or IMO4 can also be used. FPJ 1:500 BRV 1:500 OHN 1:1000 SW 1:25 (1:20 is ok too) Humic acid 1:500 (optional) Fulvic acid 1:2000 (optional) Brown sugar 1:1500 (by volume, optional) Water (non-chlorinated) Liquid cultures of IMOs is similar to brewing a compost tea. Fill a pair of fine net bag with IMO3. Pantyhose Paint strainer bag Room temperature of around 20 degrees C and a PH between 6 and 7 is sufficient. You will then need a 250L opaque container with an air compressor. Add inputs at 0.5L Lactic Acid Bacteria (LAB), 2L Fermented Plant Juice (FPJ), 700-800 grams of brown sugar to 150-160L of water. Turn on air pump and and put the IMO 3 in the solution. Making IMOs and making actively aerated compost teas are similar but the main differences seem to be the source materials and the IMO fermentation process as opposed to composting. Depending on the the culture temperature the fermentation process takes between 5 and 7 days in Spring and Fall and 10 and 30 days in winter. Depending on the cultivated state the resultant mixture can smell either sweet or nasty, Sweet smell is desirable. Often a sludge will appear on the surface. This sludge is composed of microorganism corpses. This can occur when food or air is lacking in the solution. If it occurs add more air, and/or add more FPJ. Replacing the IMO in the sack every once in a while can also be beneficial. Compost removed IMO 3 Refill the tank with water while adding more food for microorganisms. The basic dilution is 1000 times, but can be as strong as 500 times depending on the need. Regular Dilute rate is 1:1000 with water when using. Using LIMO Use the same way you would a compost tea or garden tea. Foliar spray or with treat soil before planting or anytime you need to increase the biology. Additional, you can utilize chemical fertilizers and liquid IMO. Chemical fertilizer can be added to the solution. The solution can then be used 7-10 days later after the IMO has had time to act on the chemicals. Adding too much chemical fertilizer at once can stop the fermentation process. Introduce the chemical fertilizer to the tank in adequate amounts slowly. The yeast bacteria abundant in FPJ are excellent decomposers of chemical fertilizers converting them to easily absorbable mineral forms. Using chemical fertilizer in this way will greatly reduce soil degradation and the nutrients will also be better absorbed by plants. To duplicate the effect of nitrogen use ammonium sulphate or urea. To duplicate the effects of phosphorus, use superphospate or double superphospate. To duplicate the effects of calcium use quick lime. Credits Chris Trump http://www.cgnfindia.com/imos.html http://www.kswcd.org/conference/Dr Hoon Park III - Indigenous Microorganism(IMO).pdf https://rooftopecology.wordpress.com Natural Farming Inputs Introduction to Natural Farming LAB - Lactic Acid Bacteria FPJ - Fermented plant juice Seawater, Fermented Seawater, Bio Mineral Water Vinegar OHN - Oriental Herbal Nutrient WCA - Water Soluble Calcium WCAP - Water Soluble Calcium Phosphate FFJ - Fermented Fruit Juice FAA - Fish Amino Acids S.E.S. - Seed and Seedling Treatment IMO to IMO2 IMO 3 IMO 4 & Liquid IMO IMO 5 Preserving bacterial based inputs ~ A Cultural Healing and Life Compilation